Polly Moffat
Journal of Health Visiting, Vol. 7, Iss. 5, 15 May 2019, pp 205

According to the Office for National Statistics (ONS), an analysis of mortality shows that life expectancy in the UK has stopped improving at the rate that was expected before 2011. Furthermore, the ONS report on life expectancy found a large fall at birth among women living in the most deprived areas in England when comparing the periods 2012 to 2014 and 2015 to 2017. This is in contrast to the continued increases in life expectancy for women living in the least deprived areas (ONS, 2019).
Why is there such a marked difference in outcomes for deprived people in one of the richest countries in the world? The Joseph Rowntree Foundation has reported that more than one in three families in the UK have an income below the Minimum Income Standard (MIS), a benchmark based on what the public
agrees a household needs as a minimum to live on. Their report features the experiences of 30 families on low incomes - a mix of lone parents and couples, in and out of work (Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2016).

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